American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)
Natural RangeSoutheast Canada and the Eastern U.S., from Maine to northern Florida, and from the Eastern Seaboard to the Mississippi River Valley.
StatureGrows to heights of 120 feet and diameters of nearly 4 feet.
AppearanceThe sapwood is white with a reddish cast; the heartwood ranges from a light to a dark reddish-brown.
Weight45 lbs/ft3 @ 12% moisture content
Hardness1300 lbf (kiln-dried)
WorkabilityPre-boring necessary for nails and screws but holds nails and screws well. Steam-bends easily. Takes paint and transparent finishes well. Somewhat difficult to glue.
DurabilityIn most applications, it is hard enough to resist dents and dings. If untreated, the wood decays easily.
Data: Alden, Harry A., Hardwoods of North America (Madison, WI: U.S.D.A. Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory), 1995.

Photography © Virginia Polytechnic Institute, U.S. Forest Service

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