Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
Natural RangeCanada: Maritimes to western Ontario; U.S.: east of the Mississippi River
StatureGrows to 100 feet in height and 3 feet in diameter.
AppearanceHeartwood is pale brown with a red cast. Sapwood generally blends with the heartwood, though it may be somewhat lighter in color. Texture is coarse and uneven. Grain is moderately pronounced.
Weight28 lbs/ft3 @ 12% moisture content
Hardness500 lbf (kiln-dried)
WorkabilitySplits and splinters easily in manufacturing, holds nails only fairly well. Easy to glue and takes paint well.
DurabilityDings and mars very easily; not resistant to decay.
Data: Alden, Harry A., Softwoods of North America (Madison, WI: U.S.D.A. Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory), 1997.

Photography © Virginia Polytechnic Institute, U.S. Forest Service

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