Tidewater Red Cypress (Taxodium distichum)
Natural RangeAtlantic and Gulf Coastal regions, from Delaware to Texas, and the southern Mississippi River valley.
StatureThough it can grow to a height of 150 feet and a diameter of 12 feet when as old as 2,200 years, most trees grow to 100 feet in height and 5 feet in diameter after 500 years
AppearanceSapwood is nearly a pure white. Heartwood can range from yellow-brown to a dark brownish-red to brown to even a dark chocolate. Isolated parts of some trees attacked by a fungus can have a "pecked" appearance.
Weight32 lbs/ft3 @ 12% moisture content
Hardness510 lbf (kiln-dried)
WorkabilityModerately strong, hard, and pliable. Must use sharp cutting tools to prevent raised grain. Holds paint, takes nails, and glues together well.
DurabilitySomewhat susceptible to dinging and marring; heartwood is resistant to very resistant to decay; old growth material is one of North America's most decay resistant species.
Data: Alden, Harry A., Softwoods of North America (Madison, WI: U.S.D.A. Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory), 1997.

Photography © Virginia Polytechnic Institute, U.S. Forest Service

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