Rock Maple (Acer saccharinum)
Natural RangeThe northern tier of the U.S. (Minnesota to the East Coast) and southern and central Canada (Manitoba to the East Coast).
StatureGrows to a height of 120 feet and a diameter of 3 feet.
AppearanceThe sapwood is white with a red-to-brown cast. The heartwood ranges from a light reddish-brown to a dark, chocolate brown. The grain is usually not pronounced. But some material, called birdseye, has unusual figuring in its grain that makes it appear to be three-dimensional.
Weight33 lbs/ft3 @ 12% moisture content
Hardness700 lbf (kiln-dried)
WorkabilityHolds nails well, turns well, stains and polishes well, but is only somewhat well-suited to gluing.
DurabilityModerately resistant to dinging and marring; not resistant to decay.
Data: Alden, Harry A., Hardwoods of North America (Madison, WI: U.S.D.A. Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory), 1995.

Photography © Virginia Polytechnic Institute, U.S. Forest Service

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